Integrating blue Economy within green framework
Ethiopia, as a responsible member of the international community, is well aware of the great role that developing countries play significant role in fighting climate change, and has consequently been playing constructive role in international climate negotiations.
Ethiopia’s ambition to become a “green economy front-runner” is an expression of its potential and belief in a sustainable model of growth, as stated in Ethiopia’s a Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy.
As repeatedly stated, the country aims to achieve middle-income status by 2025 while developing climate friendly green economy. Following the conventional development among other adverse effects, would result in a sharp increase in the use of natural resources across the globe.
To avoid such negative effects, the government has developed a strategy to ensure the realization of a green economy. Since then, the country has started to transfer the strategy into action and has welcomed collaboration works with domestic and international partners, according to IMF report.
Concurrently, the largest economy in the East African region has now entered into the Blue Economy Strategy to merge it a with the implementation of the green economic growth The concept of blue economy is a long-term strategy that is aimed at supporting sustainable economic growth through oceans-related sectors and activities, while improving human wellbeing and social equality and preserving the environment, stressed during recent international conference on the blue economy held in Nairobi, Kenya.
During the conference, Ethiopian Foreign Minister Workneh Gebeyehu (Ph.D) stated that the world has rallied around the enormous pressures facing our oceans and waters, from plastic pollution to the impacts of climates change.
At the same time, “there is international recognition that we need to develop our waters in an inclusive and sustainable manner for the benefit of current and future generations.”
The international conference is expected to build on the momentum of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the 2015 Climate Change Conference in Paris and the UN Ocean Conference 2017 “Call to Action” to which Ethiopia has contributed immensely.
Under the leadership of Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia is ensuring policies and programs that improve the lives of all Ethiopians. In line with this, the country is strongly committed to implementing the 2030 Agenda and is pleased to improve human wellbeing and social equality and preserve the environment.
On environmental notes, Ethiopia is experiencing the effects of climate change. Besides, the direct effects such as an increase in average temperature or a change in rainfall patterns, climate change presents the necessity to switch a new, sustainable development model, the FM further stated.
The government of Ethiopia has, therefore, initiated the Climate- Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) initiative to protect the country from the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy that will help realize its ambition of reaching middle- income status by 2025.
Furthermore, Ethiopia is also investing a large sum in fishing industry. In fact, the country is building mega hydraulic infrastructures for hydro power which gives it high potential for the development of fishing development.
The ‘water-energy-food nexus ‘ is central to Ethiopia’s water policy and water resources development. Utilizing water resources to meet national goals in achieving sustainable development is critical. Also, Ethiopia has a population of nearly 60 million without access to electricity. The impact of such a situation on all sectors of the economy as well as social development is tremendous. That is why the government is engaged in a massive rural electrification program investing millions of dollars, according to the minister office.